Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in depth)(25minntes)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a ward bank Read the passage through carefully before making your choices Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each them on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage,
One in six. Believe it or not, that's the number of Americans who struggle with hanger To make tomorrow a little better, Feeding Action Month. As part of its 30 Ways in 30 Days program, It's asking 48 across the country to help the more than 200 food banks and 61,000 agencies in its network provide low-income individuals and families with the fuel they need to 49 .
It's the kind of work that's done every day at St. Andrew's Episcopal Church in San Antonio, People who 50 at its front door on the first and third Thursdays of each month aren't looking for God-they're there for something to eat, St. Andrew's runs a food pantry(食品堂)that 51 the city and several of the 52 towns. Janet Drane is its manager.
In the wake of the 53 .the number of families in need of food assistance began to grow. It is 54 that 49 million Americans are unsure of where they will find their next meal What's most surprising is that 36% of them live in 55 where at least one adult is working."It used to be that one job was all you needed." says St. Andrew's Drane."The people we see now have three or four part-time jobs and they're still right on the edge 56 ."
B) surrounding J)financially
Directions: there are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on
Answer Sheer 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
In times of economic crisis. Americans turn to their families for support. If the Great Depression is any guide, we may see a drop in our skyhigh divorce rate. But this won't necessarily represent. an increase in happy marriages. In the long run, the Depression weakened American families, and the current crisis will probably do the same.
We tend to think of the Depression as a time when families pulled together to survive huge job losses, By 1932. when nearly one-quarter of the workforce was unemployed, the divorce rate had declined by around 25% from 1929 But this doesn't mean people were suddenly happier with their marriages. Rather, with incomes decreasing and insecure jobs, unhappy couples often couldn't afford to divorce. They feared neither spouse could manage alone.
Today, given the job losses of the past year, fewer unhappy couples will risk starting separate households, Furthermore, the housing market meltdown will make it more difficult for them to finance their separations by selling their homes.
After financial disasters family members also tend to do whatever they can to help each other and their communities, A 1940 book. The Unemployed Man and His Family, described a family in which the husband initially reacted to losing his job "with tireless search for work."He was always active, looking for odd jobs to do.
The problem is that such an impulse is hard to sustain Across the country, many similar families were unable to maintain the initial boost in morale(士气). For some, the hardships of life without steady work eventually overwhelmed their attempts to keep their familiestogether. The divorce rate rose again during the rest of the decade as the recovery took hold.
Millions of American families may now be in the initial stage of their responses to the current crisis, working together and supporting one another through the early months of unemployment.
Today's economic crisis could well generate a similar number of couples whose relationships have been irreparably(无法弥补地)ruined. So it's only when the economy is healthy again that we'll begin to see just how many broken families have been created.
57．In the initial stage, the current economic crisis is likely to __________.
A)tear many troubled families apart
B)contribute to enduring family ties
C)bring about a drop in the divorce rate
D)cause a lot of conflicts in the family
58.In the Great Depression many unhappy couples close to stick together because
A)starting a new family would be hard
B)they expected things would turn better
C)they wanted to better protect their kids
D)living separately would be too costly
59.In addition to job losses. What stands in the way of unhappy couples getting a divorce?
A)Mounting family debts
B)A sense of insecurity
C)Difficulty in getting a loan
D)Falling housing prices
60.What will the current economic crisis eventually do to some married couples?
A)It will force them to pull their efforts together
B)It will undermine their mutual understanding
C)It will help strengthen their emotional bonds
D)It will irreparably damage their relationship
61.What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
A)The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate
B)Few couples can stand the test of economic hardships
C)A stable family is the best protection against poverty.
D)Money is the foundation of many a happy marriage
Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage:
People are being lured (引诱)onto Facebook with the promise of a fun, free service without realizing they're paying for it by giving up toads of personal information. Facebook then attempts to make money by selling their data to advertisers that want to send targeted messages.
Most Facebook users don't realize this is happening. Even if they know what the company is up to, they still have no idea what they're paying for Face book because people don't really know what their personal data is worth.
The biggest problem, however, is that the company keeps changing the rules Early on you keep everything private. That was the great thing about facebook you could create own little private network. Last year. The company changed its privacy rules so that many things you city. Your photo, your friends' names-were set, by default (默认)to be shared with every one on the Internet.
According to Facebook's vice-president Elliot Schrage, the company is simply making changes to improve its service, and if people don't share information They have a "less satisfying experience".
Some critics think this is more about Facebook looking to make more money. In original business model, which involved selling ads and putting then At the side of the pages totally Who wants to took at ads when they're online connecting with their friends?
I suspect that whatever Facebook has done so far to invade our privacy, it's only the beginning. Which is why I'm considering deactivating(撤销)my account. Facebook is a handy site, but I'm upset by the idea that my information is in the hands of people I don't That's too high a price to pay.
62.What do we learn about Facebook from the first paragraph?
A)It is a website that sends messages to targeted users.
B)It makes money by putting on advertisements.
C)It profits by selling its users' personal data.
D)It provides loads of information to its users.
63.What does the author say about most Facebook users?
A)They are reluctant to give up their personal information.
B)They don't know their personal data enriches Facebook.
C)They don't identify themselves when using the website.
D)They care very little about their personal information.
64.Why does Facebook make changes to its rules according to Elliot Schrage?
A)To render better service to its users.
B)To conform to the Federal guidelines.
C)To improve its users' connectivity.
D)To expand its scope of business.
65.Why does Senator Charles Schumer advocate?
A)Setting guidelines for advertising on websites.
B)Banning the sharing of users' personal information.
C)Formulating regulations for social-networking sites.
D)Removing ads from all social-networking sites.
66.Why does the author plan to cancel his Facebook account?
A)He is dissatisfied with its current service.
B)He finds many of its users untrustworthy.
C)He doesn't want his personal data abused.
D)He is upset by its frequent rule changes.
Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D)on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Because conflict and disagreements are part of all close relationships, couples need to learn strategies for managing conflict in a healthy and constructive way. Some couples just 67 and deny the presence of any conflict in a relationship. 68 ,denying the existence of conflict results in couples 69 to solve their problems at early 70 ,which can then lead to even greater problems later 71 .Not surprisingly, expressing anger and disagreement leads to lower marital (婚姻的)satisfaction at the beginning. However, this pattern of behavior 72 increases in marital satisfaction over time. Research suggests that working 73 conflicts is an important predictor of marital satisfaction.
So, what can you do to manage conflict in your own relationships? First, try to understand the other person's point of view 74 put yourself in his of her place. People who are 75 to what their partner thinks and feels 76 greater relationship satisfaction. For example, researchers found that among people in dating relationships 77 marriages, those who can adopt their partner's perspective show more positive 78 .more relationship-enhancing attributes and more constructive responses 79 conflict.
Second, because conflict and disagreements are an 80 part of close relationships. People need to be able to apologize to their partner for wrongdoing and 81 forgiveness from their parents for their own acts. Apologies minimize conflict, lead to forgiveness, and serve to restore relationship closeness. In line 82 this view, spouses who are more forgiving show higher mental 83 over time. Increasingly, apologizing can even have 84 health benefits. For example, when people reflect on hurtful 85 and grudges(怨恨)，they show negative physiological(生理的) effects, including 86 heart rate and blood pressure, compared to when they reflect on sympathetic perspective-taking and forgiving.
67.A)resolve B)regret C)abandon D)avoid
68. A)Besides B)Therefore C)Moreover D)However
69. A)trying B)declining C)failing D)striving
70. A)ages B)years C)stages D)intervals
71. A)on B)by C)off D)away
72. A)prescribes B)protests C)proves D)predicts
73. A)round B)amid C)among D)through
74. A)so B)while C)but D)and
75. A)sensitive B)superior C)exclusive D)efficient
76. A)expose B)experience C)explore D)exploit
77. A)as long as B)as far as C)as well as D)as soon as
78. A)minds B)emotions C)psychology D)affection
79. A)to B)against C)at D)toward
80. A)absolute B)inevitable C)essential D)obvious
81. A)require B)inquire C)receive D)achieve
82. A)over B)with C)up D)of
83. A)quality B)identity C)charity D)capability
84. A)creative B)positive C)objective D)competitive
85. A)prospects B)concepts C)memories D)outlooks
86. A)added B)toughened C)strengthened D)increased
Part Vl Translation (5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2
87．Those flowers looked as if they_____________________(好长时间没有浇水了).
88.Fred bought a car last week. It is______________________(比我的车便宜一千英镑).
89.This TV program is quite boning We might______________(不妨听听音乐)
90．He left his office in a hurry, with______________________(灯亮着，门开着)
91．The famous novel is said to __________________________(已经被译成多种语言).
On Excessive Packaging
Nowadays the phenomena of excessive packaging of goods are prevailing in our society: clothes swathed in tissue paper, placed in cardboard box and finally wrapped in well-designed plastic bags, imported bottles of grape wine packed in wooden boxes, fruits put in hand-woven baskets, to name but a few.
There are several causes of excessive packaging. The first reason is that a large number of companies believe that they can attract customers’ attention and stimulate their purchasing desire by over-packaging their goods, thus gaining more profits. On the other hand, quite a number of consumers mistakenly hold that the more delicate the package is, the better the quality will be, thus encouraging excessive packaging.
In my point of view, excessive packaging has disastrous consequences, including the loss of precious resources, excessive consumption of water and energy, and unnecessary extraction of scarce land for landfill.
To solve the problem, it’s necessary to take the following measures. First, laws and regulations must be made to restrict excessive packaging of companies. In addition, we need to raise consumer’s awareness that excessive packaging doesn’t equal to high quality and advocate packaging recycling.
1. D) providing good education for baby boomers.
2. D) Students’ performance declined.
3. D) They are mostly small in size.
4. D) Some large schools have split up into smaller ones.
5. C) their college-level test participation.
6. B) Their school performance was getting worse.
7. A) maintain closer relationships with their teachers.
9. different measures
10. tough subjects
11. A) Discussing a house plan.
12. A) She is tired of the food in the canteen.
13. A) Listening to some loud music.
14. B) The man can dress casually for the occasion.
15. A) Grey pants made from pure cotton.
16. B) Its location.
17. A) Travel overseas.
18. D) It is a good bargain.
19. A) Hosting an evening TV program.
20. C) He worked as a salesman.
21. A) He wanted to be his own boss.
22. B) They are all the man’s friends.
23. B) It remains a major part of industrial activity.
24. A) Transport problems.
25. C) Possible locations for a new factory.
26. B) They had known each other since childhood.
27. B) At Joe’s house.
28. D) Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other.
29. B) In his building’s parking lot.
30. C) It had been stolen by someone.
31. D) In the city garage.
32. B) The mysteriousness of creativity.
33. D) It is the source of all artistic work.
34. A) Creative imagination.
35. C) It is part of everyday life.
Students have been complaining more and more about stolen property. Radios, cell phones, bicycles, pocket (36)calculators, and books have all been reported stolen. Are there enough campus police to do the job?
There are 20 officers in the campus security division. Their job is to (37)handle crime, accidents, lost and found (38)items, and traffic problems on campus. More than half of their time is spent directing traffic and writing parking tickets. (39)Responding promptly to accidents and other (40)emergencies is important, but it is their smallest job.
Dealing with crime takes up the rest of their time. Very (41)rarely did any violent crimes actually (42)occur.In the last five years there have been no (43)murders, seven robberies, and about sixty other violent attacks, most of these involving fights atparties. On the other hand, (44)there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public property, which usually involves breaking windows or lights, or writing on walls. The thefts are not the carefully planned burglaries that you see in movies. (45)Things get stolen when it is just easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched.
Do we really need more police?Hiring more campus police would cost money, possibly making our tuition go up again.(46) A better way to solve this problem might be for all of us to be more careful with our things.
47. E. domestic
48. C. communities
49. O. survive
50. H. gather
51. M. serves
52. N. surroundings
53. J. recession
54. K. reported
55. I. households
56. F. financially
67. C avoid
68. B however
69. D failing
70. C stages
71. A on
72. A predicts
73. A through
74. B and
75. B sensitive
76. D experience
77. B as well as
78. C emotions
79. D to
80. A inevitable
81. D receive
82. A with
83. D quality
84. B positive
85. A memories
86. B increased
87. Those flowers looked as if they hadn't been watered for a long time(好长时间没有浇水了).
88. Fred bought a car last week. It is £1,000 cheaper than mine(比我的车便宜一千英镑).
【点评】简单的比较级，cheaper than。不需要重复car，直接用mine代替my car.
89. This TV program is quite boring. We might as well listen to the music (不妨听听音乐).
【点评】might as well“不妨”，原句中有might。listen to the music，听音乐。
90. He left his office in a hurry, with lights on and doors open(灯亮着，门开着).
91.The famous novel is said to have been translated into multiplelanguages(已经被译成多种语言).
【点评】be said to后面跟动词原型，“已经被译”，用完成时被动语态have been translated，介词用into。