1.足球运动:football(在美国指橄榄球运动); soccer; association football;socker; footy

2.世界杯足球锦标赛:World Cup (Soccer Tournament);FIFA World Cup Competition

3.世界女子足球锦标赛:Women’s World Cup

4.世界杯决赛:World Cup Finals

5.朱尔斯•雷米特杯:Jules Rimet Cup

6.五人足球:five-a-side;futsal

7.七人足球:seven-a-side

8.足球暴力:soccer violence;riot;hooliganism

人员

9.足球运动员:football[soccer]player; footballer; booter

10.足球队:football[soccer] team; eleven

11.队员(除守门员外):field player

12.后卫线:back line

13.后卫:(full)back;rear defender

14.左后卫:left back

15.右后卫:right back

16.前卫线:link line

17.前卫:half(back)

18.边前卫:wing [outside] half

19.左前卫:left half

20.右前卫:right half

21.中前卫:center half

22.双中前卫:twin center halves

23.自由中卫:free back [man]; spare man; libero

24.清道夫(自由中卫):sweeper

25.盯人中卫:stopper

26.拖后前卫:deep-lying halfback; policeman

27.锋线:forward line

28.前锋:forward; spearhead; lineman

29.双前锋:twin forwards

30.靠前的前锋:spearhead forward

31.边锋:winger; wing (forward);outside (forward)

32.左边锋;左翼:left wing[winger; flank];outside left

33.右边锋;右翼:right wing [winger; flank]; outside right

34.内锋:inside(forward); inner

35.左内锋:inside left

36.右内锋:inside right

37.拖后内锋:withdrawn striker

38.中锋:center forward

39.双中锋:double center forwards; double spearheads

40.拖后中锋:withdrawn [deep-lying] center forward

41.攻击手:striker

42.中场队员:midfielder; midfield player; link(man)

43.前腰:attacking midfielder

44.双前腰:double attacking midfielders

45.后腰:defending midfielder

46.双后腰:double defending midfielders

47.核心队员:key player; point man

48.最佳球员(一场比赛后选出):Man of Match

49.惯用左脚的:left-footed

50.惯用右脚的:right-footed

51.左右开弓的:double-footed

52.积极拼抢的防守队员:ball hawk

53.观望队员(不积极主动):ball watcher

54.裁判员:referee; ref; man in the middle

55.巡边员:linesman

规则与裁判

56.上半时[场]:first half

57.下半时[场]:second half

58.开球;比赛开始:kick off

59.实际比赛时间(由裁判员掌握):official time

60.伤停补时:stoppage [injury] time

61.加时赛;决胜期:extra period; overtime

62.突然死亡(加时赛中首先进球为胜方,比赛终止):sudden death

63.金球(突然死亡制中首先进球):golden goal

64.银球(加时赛中进球后该半场仍赛完):silver goal

65.点球决胜:penalty shootout

66.出界:outside; out of bounds

67.掷界外球:throw-in

68.球门球:goal [defense] kick

69.角球:corner(kick)

70.获得罚角球权:win a corner

71.任意球:free kick

72.判给任意球:award a free kick

73.直接任意球:direct free kick

74.间接任意球:indirect free kick

75.定位球:placekick; stationary ball

76.踢定位球的队员:placekicker

77.严重犯规(判罚直接任意球或点球):penal offense

78.侵人犯规:personal foul

79.技术犯规:technical foul

80.故意犯规:intentional foul

81.越位:offside

82.非越位:onside

83.巡边员用旗表示越位:flag

84.冲撞犯规:charging

85.从后面冲撞:charging from behind

86.合理冲撞:legal [fair] charge

87.进行阻挡的队员:blocker

88.身体阻挡:body check

89.拉人犯规:holding

90.推人犯规:pushing

91.打人:striking

92.小动作:little trick [maneuver]; concealed foul

93.危险动作:dangerous play

94.抬脚过高:foot over

95.手球犯规:handball; hands; handling

96.蹬踏犯规;踢人:hacking; stamping

97.经常踢人的队员:hacker

98.绊人犯规:tripping

99.背后铲球:tackle from behind

100.铲球过迟(球已离开对方脚下):late tackle

101.假摔:fake a fall [an injury]; simulation

102.粗暴行动:violent conduct

103.延误比赛:delay [hold up] the game

104.持球时间过长(指守门员):excessive possession of the ball

105.警告:warning;caution;book

106.黄牌:yellow card

107.红牌:red card

108.罚出场:evict; eject; banish; send [order] off the field; show the red card

109.停赛一场:suspend for a game

110.以少打多:play shorthanded

111.以少打多的局面:man down[short]

112.以多打少的局面:power play; man [numerical] advantage

113.罚点球:penalty [spot] kick

114.踢罚球;主罚:take the kick

115.罚中:convert a penalty kick

116.罚球未中:miss a penalty kick

踢球

117.踢球:kick; boot

118.踢球者: kicker

119.得球:gain possession of the ball

120.失球:lose possession of the ball

121.漏球:miskick

122.踢出界:kick out

123.踢球太高:sky

124.控球能力:ball-control[-handling]

125.控球时间比:ball possession percentage

126.停球:trap; stop

127.大腿停球:thigh trap

128.胸部挡球:chest

129.停空中球:stop volley

130.停住空中球:kill a ball

131.凌空踢出:volley

132.凌空反弹踢出:half volley

133.抛球凌空踢出:punt; drop volley

134.拨球:flick the ball

135.扫踢:sweeping kick

136.颠球:juggle

137.迈过球(以迷惑对方):step over the ball

138.弧线球:curved [swerving] ball;bend; curl

139.内弧球:inswinger

140.外弧球:outswinger

141.跑动踢球:running kick

142.踢后前冲:kick and rush

143.无球跑动:off-the-ball running

144.转身踢:turnaround kick

145.脚背踢球:instep kick

146.脚外侧敲击:flick [jab] kick

147.脚尖踢球:toe kick

148.脚弓踢球:kick with the inside of foot

149.脚跟踢球:heel kick

传、接、运

150.传球:pass

151.一次[直接]传球:first-time[one-touch] pass

152.到位的传球:spot [well-placed; pinpoint] pass

153.长传:long pass

154.短[近]传:short [close] pass; one-two

155.三角传球:triangular [delta] pass

156.短传配合:short game

157.短传三角配合:short triangular passing

158.深传:deep pass

159.沿边线传球:flank pass

160.传中:center

161.横传:cross [lateral;line] pass;cross

162.横向转移传球:square pass

163.斜[对角]线传球:diagonal pass

164.传高球:high [lob] pass; loft; chip; pass in the air

165.地滚传球:ground [rolling] pass

166.直传向前传球:forward pass

167.大脚直传:steep forward pass

168.回传;向后传:pass back

169.脚后跟回传:back-heel

170.穿越:through pass

171.踢墙式二过一:wall pass

172.推传:push pass

173.敲传(使用脚外侧):flick pass

174.隐蔽传球:trick pass

175.快速传球:brisk pass

176.领前传球:lead pass

177.助攻传球:setup pass

178.接传球:receive [pick up] a pass

179.接球失误:fumble; mishandle

180.运[带;盘]球:dribble; run with the ball

181.运球队员:dribbler

182.带球过人:beat; break through; dribble past

183.盘带过多:excessive dribbling

头球

184.头球:head;nod; header(指一次动作)

185.跳起顶球:flying header; head with a jump

186.侧顶:head sideward

187.善于顶球:good in the air

抢截

188.堵截:block; clog

189.断球:intercept

190.铲球;抢截:tackle

191.侧面铲球:side(block)tackle

192.倒地铲球:sliding [hook] tackle

193.抡脚铲球:scything tackle

194.铲倒对方:tackle through the ball

195.对方铲球时仍控制住球:ride a tackle

196.双方机会各半的待争夺球:fifty-fifty ball

197.混战:scramble; melee;skirmish

射门

198.射门:shoot; attempt at [try for] goal

199.射手:shooter; marksman

200.进球:find the net; hit[drive the ball] home

201.破门得分:make [score; net] a goal

202.破门机会:scoring opportunity

203.射门得分者:goalgetter

204.助攻射中:assisted goal

205.连中三元;帽子戏法:hat-trick

206.扳成平局的进球:equalizer

207.射中次数:shots on goal

208.轻易射门得分:sitter

209.射门命中率:shooting average [percentage]

210.未射中:mishit

211.射门过高:high shot; sky

212.从门柱弹回:deflect[bounce back] from the goalpost

213.射中无效:goal disallowed

214.近射:close-range[-up] shot

215.远射:long shot [drive]

216.冲门:gate-crashing

217.突然射门:snap shot

218.劲射:hard [heavy; crashing; cannon] shot; drive; thump

219.补射:tip-in

220.转身射门:pivot shot

221.贴地射门;低射:grazing shot

222.一次射门:first-time[one-touch]shot

223.调整后[停球]射门:second-touch shot

224.小角度射门:sharp-angled shot

225.狭缝射门(指穿过防守线):slot

226.倒地射门:sliding shot

227.凌空射门:volley shot

228.倒钩射门:scissors shot

229.头球入门:head [nod] in a goal

230.高吊球射门:lob [hanging] shot

231.射空门:free shot

232.香蕉球:banana shot

233.乌龙球(踢进本方球门):own [self] goal

234.射门的强烈愿望:goal hunger

235.庆祝进球:goal celebration

236.球门网右上角:top right-hand corner of the net

237.球门网右下角:bottom right-hand corner of the net

238.球门网左上角:top left-hand corner of the net

239.球门网左下角:bottom left-hand corner of the net

守门

240.守门:goalkeeping;goaltending

241.救球:save;retrieve;stop

242.托救球:finger-tip save

243.鱼跃救球;扑救:diving save

244.挡开:parry

245.拳击球:fist [punch] the ball

246.护球;抱死:smother

247.封住角度:shut off[cut down; narrow] the angle

248.跑出来(抢球):come out

249.视线受阻:unsighted

进攻

250.快攻;快速突破:fast break [counterattack]

251.防守反击:switch from defense to attack; counterattack; push up

252.快速反击:fast-switching attack; runback

253.突破:break; thrust

254.中路突破:thrust down the middle

255.单刀直入:solo drive

256.突破对方防守:split the defense

257.破坏对方防守:disorganize the defense

258.拉开对方的防守面:spread the defense

259.正面进攻:frontal attack

260.边线进攻:flank attack

261.左路进攻:attack on the left wing

262.右路进攻:attack on the right wing

263.全面压上:sweeping attack

264.助攻:assist

265.穿过:weave through

266.插入:cut in; penetrate

267.沉底:drive down the sideline

268.靠近对方球门线:deep

269.钳形攻势:pincers movement

270.摆脱动作:evasive movement

271.绕过防守队员(通过假动作):turn a defender

272.侧步躲闪:sidestep

273.补位:cover a position; fill a gap; plug a hole

274.跑位:run off the ball

275.跑位意识:positional sense

276.跑动量(一场比赛中):work-rate

防守

277.密集防守:tight [close] defense [marking]

278.地毯式防守:blanket defense

279.钉住:mark up; get tight

280.撤退:retreat; withdraw

281.后撤防守(引对方进入中场口袋):funnel back

282.解围(踢开球门区):clear

283.封死:close off

284.人墙:(defensive)wall

285.筑人墙:set [line] up a wall

286.二夹一:double-team

战术

287.前场:opposing half

288.后场:own half

289.进攻型足球:offensive football

290.防守型足球:defensive football

291.全攻全守型[总体型]足球:total football

292.欧洲型足球:European [Continental] football

293.拉丁美洲型足球:Latin American football

294.接[策]应:support

295.接应位置:supporting position

296.分派位:assign position

297.跟进:trail

298.制造空当:create an opening

299.边锋战术:wing play

300.紧靠边线:hug the sideline

301.控制中场:control the midfield

302.越位战术:offside tactics [trap]

303.交叉移动:scissors movement

304.定位球战术(由固定队员主罚):set-piece play

305.WM [3-4-3]阵式:WM[3-4-3]formation

306.W阵式(WM阵式中的进攻部分):W formation

307.M阵式(WM阵式中的防守部分):M formation

308.4前锋[匈牙利]阵式:four forwards [Hungarian] formation

309.4后卫阵式:four backs formation

310.3后卫阵式:three backs formation

311.2-3-5阵式:2-3-5 formation;pyramid

312.4-3-3阵式:4-3-3[Catenaccio] formation

313.4-2-4[巴西]阵式:4-2-4 [Brazilian] formation

314.五对五练习赛:five-a-side game

315.绕杆练习:swerve around sticks

场地与器材

316.足球场:football field [pitch; ground]

317.训练场地:training grid

318.中线旗:center flag

319.中圈:kickoff circle

320.中场:midfield;center field

321.球门线:goal line

322.球门区:goal area

323.球门区线:goal area line

324.角球区:corner area

325.角旗:corner flag

326.罚球点:penalty kick mark [spot]

327.罚球区:penalty area [box; zone]

328.罚球弧:penalty[restraining]arc

329.球门:goal;nets

330.球门口:goalmouth

331.球门柱:goalpost; upright

332.球门横梁:goal crossbar

333.球门框:woodwork

334.球门网:goal net

335.彩条球衣:strip

336.足球鞋:football shoe

337.巡边员旗:linesman's flag

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